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Разведка месторождений полезных ископаемых

Управление бурением

Бурение на разных стадиях геологических работ является лучшим способом для правильного понимания геологии. МИНРОМ имеет большой опыт в планировании, управлении и выполнении программ бурения: ударного бурения, бурения методом обратной циркуляции (RC) и алмазного (кернового) бурения.

Drilling Management

Drilling projects require a high degree of planning to be successfully implemented. Drilling programmes are costly and therefore, good planning can go a long way in saving money. Further, due to the expense involved in drilling, there is little room for error. Proper drill planning can thus make all the difference between a successful project and an expensive failure.

MINROM has the expertise and experience to scope, design, implement and manage any drilling programme according to your requirements.

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Используйте МИНРОМ для обеспечения успешного проекта бурения

БУРОВЫЕ УСЛУГИ, ПРЕДЛАГАЕМЫЕ МИНРОМ

Буровае услуги, предлагаемые МИНРОМ, включают, но не ограничиваются следующим:

  • Подготовка программы бурения
  • Планирование скважин
  • Расположение скважин
  • Списки геологических и буровых расходных материалов
  • Поддержка бурения
  • Конструкция керносклада
  • Документация керна / RC чипов / шлама и т. д.
  • Разработка протоколов регистрации и отбора проб
  • Точная привязка устьев скважин
  • Топографическая съемка
  • Отчетность по программе бурения, контроль и

БОЛЕЕ ПОДРОБНО О БУРОВЫХ УСЛУГАХ

MORE ON DRILLING

DRILL HOLE PLANNING

CONVENTIONAL DRILL HOLE PLANNING

This method of drill hole planning is the most common method in which drill holes are typically placed on a predefined grid with a set orientation, inclination and distance apart. The holes are then drilled and after logging and sampling, the drill data is digitised and computed. Although there is nothing wrong with this method (it is sometimes the most practical) it does not maximise the geological data obtained or minimise the cost. Therefore, MINROM favours a dynamic-drilling approach.

DYNAMIC DRILL HOLE PLANNING

This method of drill hole planning means that each drill hole is carefully planned in order to maximise the geological data and minimise the meters required. This process involves dynamically adjusting the drilling programme using the results of the drilling as it progresses. Therefore, each drill hole and the results obtained dictate where the next drill hole will be placed and orientated. This is a highly effective method which requires highly skilled personnel to be successfully implemented. MINROM is proud to have implemented dynamic drilling programmes on several projects with great success.

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TYPES OF DRILLING

The aim of drilling is to obtain material from known intersections and depths below the surface so that interpretations of the geology can be made and samples of the mineralisation can be collected. The type of drilling performed plays a big role in what data can be collected, the method of collection and the planning of the drill holes in order to maximise the amount of data obtained.

The following drilling methods are commonly used:

  • Diamond Drilling /Core Drilling
  • Reverse Circulation Drilling (RC Drilling)
  • Percussion Drilling
  • Auger Drilling
  • Sonic (vibratory) drilling
  • Percussion rotary air blast drilling (RAB) - widely used in Australia but not Africa

There are a few other types of drilling available, however, these are not commonly used. MINROM has experience with - and expertise in - all these drilling methods and can advise on which is more appropriate for your deposit or requirements.

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DOWNHOLE LOGGING & SAMPLING

After a hole has been drilled, the main aim is to examine the material obtained from down the hole and use it to interpret the geology and mineralisation across the deposit. Downhole logging refers to the process of recording important geological data about this material such as:

  • Depth from & to
  • Contact type & angle
  • Colour
  • Texture
  • Fabric
  • Mineralogy
  • Rock Type
  • Formation/Stratigraphy
  • Other important geological comments/observations

Once the core/rock chips have been logged they can be sampled. Core needs to be split (either halved or quartered) in order to be sampled. This requires a keen eye to determine at which orientation to split the core. Generally, a geologist will mark the line along which the core should be cut so that it produces two halves as close to symmetrical as possible. For reverse circulation (RC) and percussion drilling, drill chips are split using a sample splitter so that a representative sample can be collected.

All downhole samples are extracted according to a predefined sampling protocol. This is an essential part of the sampling process as each deposit, style of mineralisation, commodity and the overall objective of the drilling, will impact the requirements and procedures detailed in the sampling protocol.

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МИНРОМ - Ваш партнер в геологии

Гарантия успеха Ваших проектов по разведке, добыче и управлению водными ресурсами.